Nissan Maxima Service and Repair Manual: B2630, B2631 sunload sensor

Description

COMPONENT DESCRIPTION

Sunload Sensor

  • The sunload sensor (1) is located on the driver side defroster grille.
  • It detects sunload entering through windshield by means of a photo diode. The sensor converts the sunload into a current value, which is then input into the A/C auto amp.

Nissan Maxima. Sunload Sensor

Sunload Sensor Circuit

Nissan Maxima. Sunload Sensor Circuit

SUNLOAD INPUT PROCESS

The A/C auto amp. also equips a processing circuit which averages the variations in detected sunload over a period of time. This prevents drastic swings in the air temperature control system operation due to small or quick variations in detected sunload.

For example, consider driving along a road bordered by an occasional group of large trees. The sunload detected by the sunload sensor varies whenever the trees obstruct the sunlight. The processing circuit averages the detected sunload over a period of time, so that the (insignificant) effect of the trees momentarily obstructing the sunlight does not cause any change in the air temperature control system operation. On the other hand, shortly after entering a long tunnel, the system recognizes the change in sunload, and the system reacts accordingly.

DTC Logic

DTC DETECTION LOGIC

NOTE:

  • If DTC is displayed along with DTC U1000 or U1010, first diagnose the DTC U1000 or U1010. Refer to HAC- 133, "DTC Logic" or HAC-134, "DTC Logic".
  • Sunload sensor may register a malfunction when indoors, at dusk, or at other times when light is insufficient.

    When performing the diagnosis indoors, light the sunload sensor with a lamp (60W or more).

Nissan Maxima. DTC DETECTION LOGIC

DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE

1.CHECK WITH SELF-DIAGNOSIS FUNCTION OF CONSULT

  1. Using CONSULT, perform "SELF-DIAGNOSIS RESULTS" of HVAC.
  2. Check if any DTC No. is displayed in the self-diagnosis results.

NOTE:

  • If DTC is displayed along with DTC U1000 or U1010, first diagnose the DTC U1000 or U1010. Refer to HAC- 133, "DTC Logic" or HAC-134, "DTC Logic".
  • Sunload sensor may register a malfunction when indoors, at dusk, or at other times when light is insufficient.

    When performing the diagnosis indoors, light the sunload sensor with a lamp (60W or more).

Diagnosis Procedure

1.CHECK SUNLOAD SENSOR POWER SUPPLY

  1. Disconnect sunload sensor connector.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Check voltage between sunload sensor harness connector M56 terminal 1 and ground.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK SUNLOAD SENSOR POWER SUPPLY

1 - Ground: Approx. 5V

2.CHECK CONTINUITY BETWEEN SUNLOAD SENSOR AND A/C AUTO AMP.

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect A/C auto amp. connector.
  3. Check continuity between sunload sensor harness connector M56 (A) terminal 2 and A/C auto amp. harness connector M37 (B) terminal 37.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK CONTINUITY BETWEEN SUNLOAD SENSOR AND A/C AUTO AMP.

2 - 37: Continuity should exist.

3.CHECK SUNLOAD SENSOR

  1. Reconnect sunload sensor connector and A/C auto amp. connector.
  2. Check sunload sensor.

4.CHECK CONTINUITY BETWEEN SUNLOAD SENSOR AND A/C AUTO AMP.

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect A/C auto amp. connector.
  3. Check continuity between sunload sensor harness connector M56 (A) terminal 1 and A/C auto amp. harness connector M37 (B) terminal 15.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK CONTINUITY BETWEEN SUNLOAD SENSOR AND A/C AUTO AMP.

1 - 15: Continuity should exist.

  1. Check continuity between sunload sensor harness connector M56 (A) terminal 1 and ground.

1 - Ground: Continuity should not exist.

Component Inspection

1.CHECK SUNLOAD SENSOR

  1. Turn ignition switch ON.
  2. Check voltage between A/C auto amp. harness connector and ground.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK SUNLOAD SENSOR

Nissan Maxima. CHECK SUNLOAD SENSOR

NOTE: Select a place in direct sunlight when checking sunload sensor.

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