Nissan Maxima Service and Repair Manual: Fuel injector

Description

Nissan Maxima. Description

The fuel injector is a small, precise solenoid valve. When the ECM supplies a ground to the fuel injector circuit, the coil in the fuel injector is energized. The energized coil pulls the ball valve back and allows fuel to flow via the fuel injector into the intake manifold. The amount of fuel injected depends upon the injection pulse duration.

Pulse duration is the length of time the fuel injector remains open.

The ECM controls the injection pulse duration based on engine fuel needs.

Component Function Check

1.INSPECTION START

Turn ignition switch to START.

2.CHECK FUEL INJECTOR FUNCTION

With CONSULT

  1. Start engine.
  2. Perform "POWER BALANCE" in "ACTIVE TEST" mode with CONSULT.
  3. Check that each circuit produces a momentary engine speed drop.

Without CONSULT

  1. Start engine.
  2. Listen to each fuel injector operating sound.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK FUEL INJECTOR FUNCTION

Clicking sound should be heard.

Diagnosis Procedure

1.CHECK FUEL INJECTOR POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

Nissan Maxima. CHECK FUEL INJECTOR POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect fuel injector harness connector.
  3. Turn ignition switch ON.
  4. Check the voltage between fuel injector harness connector and ground.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK FUEL INJECTOR POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

2.DETECT MALFUNCTIONING PART

Check the following.

  • 10 A fuse (No. 35)
  • IPDM E/R harness connector E10
  • Harness for open or short between fuel injector and fuse

3.CHECK FUEL INJECTOR OUTPUT SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect ECM harness connector.
  3. Check the continuity between fuel injector harness connector and ECM harness connector
  4. Also check harness for short to ground and short to power.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK FUEL INJECTOR OUTPUT SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

4.CHECK FUEL INJECTOR

5.CHECK INTERMITTENT INCIDENT

Component Inspection

1.CHECK FUEL INJECTOR

Nissan Maxima. CHECK FUEL INJECTOR

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect fuel injector harness connector.
  3. Check resistance between fuel injector terminals as per the following.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK FUEL INJECTOR

    Electronic controlled engine mount

    Fuel pump