Nissan Maxima Service and Repair Manual: Navigation system

System Diagram

Nissan Maxima. System Diagram

System Description

NOTE: Refer to NAVI System Owner's Manual for system operation. The navigation system periodically calculates the vehicle's current position according to the following three signals: Travel distance of the vehicle as determined by the vehicle speed sensor, turning angle of the vehicle as determined by the gyroscope (angular velocity sensor), and the direction of vehicle travel as determined by the GPS antenna (GPS information).

The current position of the vehicle is then identified by comparing the calculated vehicle position with map data read from the map data, which is stored in the hard disk drive (HDD) (map-matching), and indicated on the screen with a current-location mark.

By comparing the vehicle position detection results found by the GPS and by map-matching, more accurate vehicle position data can be used.

The current vehicle position will be calculated by detecting the distance the vehicle moved from the previous calculation point and its direction.

Nissan Maxima. System Description

TRAVEL DISTANCE

Travel distance calculations are based on the vehicle speed input signal. Therefore, the calculation may become incorrect as the tires wear down. To prevent this, an automatic distance fine adjustment function has been adopted.

TRAVEL DIRECTION

Change in the travel direction of the vehicle is calculated by a gyroscope (angular velocity sensor) and a GPS antenna (GPS information). As the gyroscope and GPS antenna have both merit and demerit, input signals from them are prioritized in each situation. However, this order of priority may change in accordance with more detailed travel conditions so that the travel direction is detected more accurately

Type

Advantage

Disadvantage

Gyroscope (angular velocity sensor)
  • Can detect the vehicle's turning angle quite accurately.
  • Direction errors may accumulate when the vehicle is driven for long distances without stopping.
GPS antenna (GPS information)
  • Can detect the vehicle's travel direction (North/South/East/West).
  • Correct direction cannot be detected when the vehicle speed is low.

Nissan Maxima. TRAVEL DIRECTION

MAP-MATCHING

Map-matching is a function that repositions the vehicle on the road map when a new location is judged to be the most accurate. This is done by comparing the current vehicle position, calculated by the method described in the position detection principle, with the road map data around the vehicle, read from the map data stored on the HDD.

Therefore, the vehicle position may not be corrected after the vehicle is driven over a certain distance or time in which GPS information is hard to receive. In this case, the current-location mark on the display must be corrected manually.

Nissan Maxima. MAP-MATCHING

CAUTION: The road map data is based on data stored on the HDD.

  • In map-matching, alternative routes to reach the destination will be shown and prioritized, after the road on which the vehicle is currently driven has been judged and the current-location mark has been repositioned.

    If there is an error in distance and/or direction, the alternative routes will be shown in different order of priority, and the wrong road can be avoided.

    If two roads are running in parallel, they are of the same priority.

    Therefore, the current-location mark may appear on either of them alternately, depending on maneuvering of the steering wheel and configuration of the road.

Nissan Maxima. MAP-MATCHING

  • Map-matching does not function correctly when the road on which the vehicle is driving is new and not recorded on the HDD, or when the road pattern stored in the map data and the actual road pattern are different due to repair.

    When driving on a road not present in the map, the map-matching function may find another road and position the current-location mark on it. Then, when the correct road is detected, the currentlocation mark may leap to it.

  • Effective range for comparing the vehicle position and travel direction calculated by the distance and direction with the road data read from the HDD is limited. Therefore, when there is an excessive gap between the current vehicle position and the position on the map, correction by map-matching is not possible.

GPS (GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM)

Nissan Maxima. GPS (GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM)

GPS (Global Positioning System) has been developed and controlled by the US Department of Defense. The system utilizes GPS satellite (NAVSTAR), sending out radio waves while flying on an orbit around the earth at the height of approx. 21,000 km (13,000 mi).

The GPS receiver calculates the vehicle's position in three dimensions (latitude/longitude/altitude) according to the time lag of the radio waves received from four or more GPS satellites (three-dimensional positioning). If radio waves were received only from three GPS satellites, the GPS receiver calculates the vehicle's position in two dimensions (latitude/longitude), utilizing the altitude data calculated previously by using radio waves from four or more GPS satellites (two-dimensional positioning).

Accuracy of the GPS will deteriorate under the following conditions.

  • In two-dimensional positioning, the GPS accuracy will deteriorate when the altitude of the vehicle position changes.
  • There may be an error of approximately 10 m (30 ft.) in position detected by three-dimensional positioning, which is more accurate than two-dimensional positioning. The accuracy can be even lower depending on the arrangement of the GPS satellites utilized for the positioning.
  • Position detection is not possible when the vehicle is in an area where radio waves from the GPS satellite do not reach, such as in a tunnel, parking lot in a building, and under an elevated highway. Radio waves from the GPS satellites may not be received when some object is located over the GPS antenna.
  • Position correction by GPS is not available while the vehicle is stopped.

Component Parts Location

Nissan Maxima. Component Parts Location

  1. Tweeter LH M51
  2. Center speaker M130
  3. Tweeter RH M52
  4. AV control unit M160, M161, M162, M163, M164, M165, M166, M167, M168 (located behind A/C and AV switch assembly)
  5. Display unit M142, M151
  6. A/C and AV switch assembly M98
  7. Steering angle sensor M53 [located in steering column behind combination switch (spiral cable)]
  8. Steering wheel audio control switches
  9. USB interface M211(view in center console)
  10. Aux in jack M209
  11. Microphone R7
  12. Rear view camera T101
  13. Front door speaker
    LH D3
    RH D103
  14. Rear door speaker
    LH D202
    RH D302
  15. Rear subwoofers (view under rear parcel shelf)
    LH B106
    RH B107
  16. BOSE speaker amp B109, B110

Component Description

Part name

Description

AV control unit
  • Controls each operation of the navigation system
  • HDD is built in
  • Voice guidance signal is output to BOSE speaker amp.
BOSE speaker amp Voice guidance signal is input from AV control unit, and it is output to speakers.
Tweeter Voice guidance signal from BOSE speaker amp. is output
Steering wheel audio control switches
  • Each operation of navigation system can be performed
  • Switch operating signal is output to AV control unit
Microphone Sends voice signals to AV control unit
GPS antenna GPS signal is received and is output to AV control unit.
    Audio system

    Rear view monitor system