Nissan Maxima Service and Repair Manual: P014C, P014D, P014E, P014F, P015A, P015B, P015C, P015D A/F sensor 1

Nissan Maxima Service and Repair Manual / Engine / Engine control system / DTC/circuit diagnosis / P014C, P014D, P014E, P014F, P015A, P015B, P015C, P015D A/F sensor 1

Description

Nissan Maxima. Description

The air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor 1 is a planar one-cell limit current sensor.

The sensor element of the A/F sensor 1 is composed an electrode layer, which transports ions. It has a heater in the element.

The sensor is capable of precise measurement = 1, but also in the lean and rich range. Together with its control electronics, the sensor outputs a clear, continuous signal throughout a wide range.

The exhaust gas components diffuse via the diffusion layer at the sensor cell. An electrode layer is applied voltage, and this current relative oxygen density in lean. Also this current relative hydrocarbon density in rich.

Nissan Maxima. Description

Therefore, the A/F sensor 1 is able to indicate air fuel ratio by this electrode layer of current. In addition, a heater is integrated in the sensor to ensure the required operating temperature of about 800C (1,472F).

DTC Logic

DTC DETECTION LOGIC

To judge malfunctions, this diagnosis measures response time of the A/F signal computed by ECM from the A/ F sensor 1 signal. The time is compensated by engine operating (speed and load), fuel feedback control constant, and the A/F sensor 1 temperature index. Judgment is based on whether the compensated time (the A/F signal cycling time index) is inordinately long or not.

Nissan Maxima. DTC DETECTION LOGIC

DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE

1.PRECONDITIONING

If DTC Confirmation Procedure has been previously conducted, always perform the following procedure before conducting the next test.

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.

TESTING CONDITION: Before performing the following procedure, confirm that battery voltage is more than 11 V at idle.

2.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-1

With CONSULT

  1. Start engine and warm it up to normal operating temperature.
  2. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  3. Turn ignition switch ON.
  4. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  5. Start engine and keep the engine speed between 3,500 and 4,000 rpm for at least 1minute under no load.
  6. Let engine idle for 1 minute.
  7. Increase the engine speed up to about 3,600 rpm and keep it for 10 seconds.
  8. Fully release accelerator pedal and then let engine idle for about 1 minute.
  9. Check the items status of "DATA MONITOR" as follows.

NOTE: If "PRSNT" changed to "ABSNT"

Nissan Maxima. PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-1

3.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-2

With CONSULT

Perform DTC confirmation procedure-1 again.

4.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-2

With CONSULT

  1. Wait for about 20 seconds at idle.
  2. Check the items status of "DATA MONITOR" as follows.

NOTE: If "CMPLT" changed to "INCMP"

Nissan Maxima. PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-2

5.PERFORM SELF-DIAGNOSIS

With CONSULT

Check the "SELF-DIAG RESULT".

6.CHECK AIR-FUEL RATIO SELF-LEARNING VALUE

With GST

  1. Start engine and warm it up to normal operating temperature.
  2. Select Service $01 with GST.
  3. Calculate the total value of "Short term fuel trim" and "Long term fuel trim" indications.

7.DETECT MALFUNCTIONING PART

Check the following.

  • Intake air leaks
  • Exhaust gas leaks
  • Incorrect fuel pressure
  • Lack of fuel
  • Fuel injector
  • Incorrect PCV hose connection
  • PCV valve
  • Mass air flow ensor

8.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  4. Start engine and keep the engine speed between 3,500 and 4,000 rpm for at least 1 minute under no load.
  5. Let engine idle for 1 minute.
  6. Increase the engine speed up to about 3,600 rpm and keep it for 10 seconds.
  7. Fully release accelerator pedal and then let engine idle for about 1 minute.
  8. Check 1st trip DTC.

Diagnosis Procedure

1.RETIGHTEN A/F SENSOR 1

Loosen and retighten the A/F sensor 1.

2.CHECK EXHAUST GAS LEAKAGE

1. Start engine and run it at idle.

Listen for an exhaust gas leakage before three way catalyst (manifold).

Nissan Maxima. CHECK EXHAUST GAS LEAKAGE

3.CHECK FOR INTAKE AIR LEAK

Listen for an intake air leak after the mass air flow sensor.

4.CLEAR THE MIXTURE RATIO SELF-LEARNING VALUE

  1. Clear the mixture ratio self-learning value. Refer to EC-24, "MIXTURE RATIO SELF-LEARNING VALUE CLEAR : Special Repair Requirement".
  2. Run engine for at least 10 minutes at idle speed.

5.CHECK AIR FUEL RATIO (A/F) SENSOR 1 POWER SUPPLY

Nissan Maxima. CHECK AIR FUEL RATIO (A/F) SENSOR 1 POWER SUPPLY

  1. Disconnect A/F sensor 1 harness connector.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Check the voltage between A/F sensor 1 harness connector and ground.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK AIR FUEL RATIO (A/F) SENSOR 1 POWER SUPPLY

6.CHECK AIR FUEL RATIO (A/F) SENSOR 1 POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect IPDM E/R harness connector.
  3. Check the continuity between A/F sensor 1 harness connector and IPDM E/R harness connector.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK AIR FUEL RATIO (A/F) SENSOR 1 POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

7.CHECK A/F SENSOR 1 INPUT SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect ECM harness connector.
  3. Check the continuity between A/F sensor 1 harness connector and ECM harness connector.
  4. Check the continuity between A/F sensor 1 harness connector and ground, or ECM harness connector and ground.
  5. Also check harness for short to power.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK A/F SENSOR 1 INPUT SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

Nissan Maxima. CHECK A/F SENSOR 1 INPUT SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

8.CHECK AIR FUEL RATIO (A/F) SENSOR 1 HEATER

Check air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor 1 heater.

9.CHECK MASS AIR FLOW SENSOR

Check both mass air flow sensor (bank 1 and bank 2).

10.CHECK PCV VALVE

Check PCV valve

11.CHECK INTERMITTENT INCIDENT

Check intermittent incident.

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