Nissan Maxima Service and Repair Manual: P0441 evap control system

DTC Logic

DTC DETECTION LOGIC

NOTE: If DTC P0441 is displayed with other DTC such as P2122, P2123, P2127, P2128 or P2138, first perform trouble diagnosis for other DTC.

In this evaporative emission (EVAP) control system, purge flow occurs during non-closed throttle conditions.

Purge volume is related to air intake volume. Under normal purge conditions (non-closed throttle), the EVAP canister purge volume control solenoid valve is open to admit purge flow. Purge flow exposes the EVAP control system pressure sensor to intake manifold vacuum.

Under normal conditions (non-closed throttle), sensor output voltage indicates if pressure drop and purge flow are adequate. If not, a malfunction is determined.

Nissan Maxima. DTC DETECTION LOGIC

Nissan Maxima. DTC DETECTION LOGIC

DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE

1.INSPECTION START

2.PRECONDITIONING

If DTC Confirmation Procedure has been previously conducted, always perform the following before conducting the next test.

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.

TESTING CONDITION: Always perform test at a temperature of 5C (41F) or more.

3.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-I

With CONSULT

  1. Start engine and warm it up to normal operating temperature.
  2. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  3. Turn ignition switch ON.
  4. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  5. Start engine and let it idle for at least 70 seconds.
  6. Select "PURG FLOW P0441" of "EVAPORATIVE SYSTEM" in "DTC WORK SUPPORT" mode with CONSULT.
  7. Touch "START".

4.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-II

When the following conditions are met, "TESTING" will be displayed on the CONSULT screen. Maintain the conditions continuously until "TESTING" changes to "COMPLETED". (It will take at least 35 seconds.)

Nissan Maxima. PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-II

CAUTION: Always drive vehicle at a safe speed.

If "TESTING" does not change for a long time, retry from step 2.

5.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE-III

Touch "SELF-DIAG RESULTS".

6.PERFORM COMPONENT FUNCTION CHECK

Perform component function check. Refer to EC-311, "Component Function Check".

NOTE: Use component function check to check the overall monitoring function of the EVAP control system purge flow monitoring. During this check, a 1st trip DTC might not be confirmed.

Component Function Check

1.PERFORM COMPONENT FUNCTION CHECK

Without CONSULT

Nissan Maxima. PERFORM COMPONENT FUNCTION CHECK

  1. Lift up drive wheels.
  2. Start engine (VDC switch OFF) and warm it up to normal operating temperature.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF, wait at last 10 seconds.
  4. Turn ignition switch ON.
  5. Turn ignition switch OFF, wait at least 10 seconds.
  6. Start engine and wait at least 70 seconds.
  7. Set voltmeter probes to ECM harness connector terminals under the following conditions.
  8. Check EVAP control system pressure sensor value at idle speed and note it.
  9. Establish and maintain the following conditions for at least 1 minute.
  10. Verify that EVAP control system pressure sensor value stays 0.1 V less than the value at idle speed (measured at step 6) for at least 1 second.

Nissan Maxima. PERFORM COMPONENT FUNCTION CHECK

Nissan Maxima. PERFORM COMPONENT FUNCTION CHECK

Diagnosis Procedure

1.CHECK EVAP CANISTER

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Check EVAP canister for cracks.

2.CHECK PURGE FLOW

With CONSULT

  1. Disconnect vacuum hose connected to EVAP canister purge volume control solenoid valve at EVAP service port and install vacuum gauge. For the location of  EVAP service port, refer to EC-94, "System Diagram".
  2. Start engine and let it idle.
  3. Select "PURG VOL CONT/V" in "ACTIVE TEST" mode with CONSULT.
  4. Touch "Qd" and "Qu" on CONSULT screen to adjust "PURG VOL CONT/V" opening and check vacuum existence.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK PURGE FLOW

3.CHECK PURGE FLOW

Without CONSULT

  1. Start engine and warm it up to normal operating temperature.
  2. Stop engine.
  3. Disconnect vacuum hose connected to EVAP canister purge volume control solenoid valve at EVAP service port and install vacuum gauge. For the location of  EVAP service port, refer to EC-94, "System Diagram".
  4. Start engine and let it idle.

    Do not depress accelerator pedal even slightly.

  5. Check vacuum gauge indication before 60 seconds pass after starting engine.

Vacuum should not exist.

  1. Rev engine up to 2,000 rpm after 100 seconds pass after starting engine.

Vacuum should exist.

4.CHECK EVAP PURGE LINE

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Check EVAP purge line for improper connection or disconnection.

5.CHECK EVAP PURGE HOSE AND PURGE PORT

Nissan Maxima. CHECK EVAP PURGE HOSE AND PURGE PORT

  1. Disconnect purge hoses connected to EVAP service port A and EVAP canister purge volume control solenoid valve B.
  2. Blow air into each hose and EVAP purge port C.
  3. Check that air flows freely.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK EVAP PURGE HOSE AND PURGE PORT

6.CHECK EVAP CANISTER PURGE VOLUME CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE

With CONSULT

  1. Start engine.
  2. Perform "PURG VOL CONT/V" in "ACTIVE TEST" mode with CONSULT. Check that engine speed varies according to the valve opening.

7.CHECK EVAP CANISTER PURGE VOLUME CONTROL SOLENOID VALVE

8.CHECK EVAP CONTROL SYSTEM PRESSURE SENSOR CONNECTOR

  1. Disconnect EVAP control system pressure sensor harness connector.
  2. Check that water is not inside connectors.

9.CHECK EVAP CONTROL SYSTEM PRESSURE SENSOR FUNCTION

10.CHECK RUBBER TUBE FOR CLOGGING

  1. Disconnect rubber tube connected to EVAP canister vent control valve.
  2. Check the rubber tube for clogging.

11.CHECK DRAIN FILTER

12.CHECK EVAP CANISTER VENT CONTROL VALVE

13.CHECK EVAP PURGE LINE

Inspect EVAP purge line (pipe and rubber tube). Check for evidence of leakage.

14.CLEAN EVAP PURGE LINE

Clean EVAP purge line (pipe and rubber tube) using air blower.

15.CHECK INTERMITTENT INCIDENT

Component Inspection

DRAIN FILTER

Nissan Maxima. DRAIN FILTER

  1. Check visually for insect nests in the drain filter air inlet.
  2. Check visually for cracks or flaws in the appearance.
  3. Check visually for cracks or flaws in the hose.
  4. Blow air into port A and check that it flows freely out of port B.
  5. Block port B.
  6. Blow air into port A and check that there is no leakage.
  7. If NG, replace drain filter.
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