Nissan Maxima Service and Repair Manual: P1554 battery current sensor

Description

The power generation voltage variable control enables fuel consumption to be decreased by reducing the engine load which is caused by the power generation of the generator. The battery current sensor is installed to the battery cable at the negative terminal. The sensor measures the charging/discharging current of the battery.

Based on the sensor signal, ECM judges whether or not the power generation voltage variable control is performed. When performing the power generation voltage variable control, ECM calculates the target power generation voltage based on the sensor signal. And ECM sends the calculated value as the power generation command value to IPDM E/R. For the details of the power generation voltage variable control, refer to CHG-8, "System Description".

CAUTION: Never connect the electrical component or the ground wire directly to the battery terminal. The connection causes the malfunction of the power generation voltage variable control, and then the battery discharge may occur.

DTC Logic

DTC DETECTION LOGIC

NOTE: If DTC P1554 is displayed with DTC P0643, first perform the trouble diagnosis for DTC P0643. Refer to EC-394, "DTC Logic".

Nissan Maxima. DTC DETECTION LOGIC

DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE

1.PERFORM COMPONENT FUNCTION CHECK

Perform component function check. Refer to EC-423, "Component Function Check".

NOTE: Use component function check to check the overall function of the battery current sensor circuit. During this check, a 1st trip DTC might not be confirmed.

Component Function Check

1.PRECONDITIONING

TESTING CONDITION:

  •  Before performing the following procedure, confirm that battery voltage is more than 12.8 V at idle.
  •  Before performing the following procedure, confirm that all load switches and A/C switch are turned OFF.

2.PERFORM COMPONENT FUNCTION CHECK

With CONSULT

  1. Start engine and let it idle.
  2. Select "BAT CUR SEN" in "DATA MONITOR" mode with CONSULT.
  3. Check "BAT CUR SEN" indication for 10 seconds.

    "BAT CUR SEN" should be above 2,300 mV at least once.

Without CONSULT

Nissan Maxima. PERFORM COMPONENT FUNCTION CHECK

  1. Start engine and let it idle.
  2. Check voltage between ECM harness connector terminals under the following conditions.

Nissan Maxima. PERFORM COMPONENT FUNCTION CHECK

Diagnosis Procedure

1.CHECK GROUND CONNECTION

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Check ground connection E9. Refer

2.CHECK BATTERY CURRENT SENSOR POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

Nissan Maxima. CHECK BATTERY CURRENT SENSOR POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

  1. Disconnect battery current sensor harness connector.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Check the voltage between battery current sensor harness connector and ground.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK BATTERY CURRENT SENSOR POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

3.CHECK BATTERY CURRENT SENSOR GROUND CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect ECM harness connector.
  3. Check the continuity between battery current sensor harness connector and ECM harness connector.
  4. Also check harness for short to ground and short to power.

4.CHECK BATTERY CURRENT SENSOR INPUT SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

  1. Check the continuity between battery current sensor harness connector and ECM harness connector.
  2. Also check harness for short to ground and short to power.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK BATTERY CURRENT SENSOR INPUT SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

5.CHECK BATTERY CURRENT SENSOR

6.CHECK INTERMITTENT INCIDENT

Component Inspection

1.CHECK BATTERY CURRENT SENSOR

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Reconnect harness connectors disconnected.
  3. Disconnect battery negative cable (1).

Nissan Maxima. CHECK BATTERY CURRENT SENSOR

: Vehicle front
: To body ground

Nissan Maxima. CHECK BATTERY CURRENT SENSOR

  1. Install jumper cable (A) between battery negative terminal and body ground.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Check the voltage between ECM harness connector terminals under the following conditions.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK BATTERY CURRENT SENSOR

Before measuring the terminal voltage, confirm that the battery is fully charged.

    P1553 battery current sensor

    P1564 ASCD steering switch