Nissan Maxima Service and Repair Manual: P2096, P2097, P2098, P2099 A/F sensor 1

Description

The air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor 1 is a planar one-cell limit current sensor.

The sensor element of the A/F sensor 1 is composed an electrode layer, which transports ions. It has a heater in the element.

The sensor is capable of precise measurement = 1, but also in the lean and rich range. Together with its control electronics, the sensor outputs a clear, continuous signal throughout a wide range.

The exhaust gas components diffuse via the diffusion layer at the sensor cell. An electrode layer is applied voltage, and this current relative oxygen density in lean. Also this current relative hydrocarbon density in rich.

Nissan Maxima. Description

Therefore, the A/F sensor 1 is able to indicate air fuel ratio by this electrode layer of current. In addition, a heater is integrated in the sensor to ensure the required operating temperature of about 800C (1,472F).

Nissan Maxima. Description

DTC Logic

DTC DETECTION LOGIC

Nissan Maxima. DTC DETECTION LOGIC

DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE

1.PRECONDITIONING

If DTC Confirmation Procedure has been previously conducted, always perform the following before conducting the next test.

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF andwait at least 10 seconds.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.

TESTING CONDITION: Before performing the following procedure, confirm that battery voltage is more than 11 V at idle.

2.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE

  1. Clear the mixture ratio self-learning value. Refer to EC-24, "MIXTURE RATIO SELF-LEARNING VALUE CLEAR : Special Repair Requirement".
  2. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  3. Turn ignition switch ON.
  4. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  5. Start engine and keep the engine speed between 3,500 and 4,000 rpm for 1 minute under no load.
  6. Let engine idle for 1 minute.
  7. Keep engine speed between 2,500 and 3,000 rpm for 20 minutes.
  8. Check 1st trip DTC.

Diagnosis Procedure

1.CHECK GROUND CONNECTION

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Check ground connection E9.

2.RETIGHTEN A/F SENSOR 1 AND HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR 2

Loosen and retighten the A/F sensor 1 and heated oxygen sensor 2.

3.CHECK FOR EXHAUST GAS LEAK

  1. Start engine and run it at idle.
  2. Listen for an exhaust gas leak before the three way catalyst 2.

4.CHECK FOR INTAKE AIR LEAKAGE

  1. Start engine and run it at idle.
  2. Listen for an intake air leakage after the mass air flow sensor.

5.CLEAR THE MIXTURE RATIO SELF-LEARNING VALUE

  1. Clear the mixture ratio self-learning value. Refer to EC-24, "MIXTURE RATIO SELF-LEARNING VALUE CLEAR : Special Repair Requirement".
  2. Run engine for at least 10 minutes at idle speed.

6.CHECK HARNESS CONNECTOR

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect A/F sensor 1 harness connector.
  3. Check that water is not inside connectors.

7.CHECK AIR FUEL RATIO (A/F) SENSOR 1 POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

Nissan Maxima. CHECK AIR FUEL RATIO (A/F) SENSOR 1 POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

  1. Disconnect A/F sensor 1 harness connector.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Check the voltage between A/F sensor 1 harness connector and ground.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK AIR FUEL RATIO (A/F) SENSOR 1 POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

8.DETECT MALFUNCTIONING PART

Check the following.

  • IPDM E/R harness connector F10
  • 15 A fuse (No. 37)
  • Harness for open or short between A/F sensor 1 and fuse

9.CHECK A/F SENSOR 1 INPUT SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

Nissan Maxima. CHECK A/F SENSOR 1 INPUT SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect ECM harness connector.
  3. Check the continuity between A/F sensor 1 harness connector and ECM harness connector
  4. Check the continuity between A/F sensor 1 harness connector and ground, or ECM harness connector and ground.
  5. Also check harness for short to power.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK A/F SENSOR 1 INPUT SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

Nissan Maxima. CHECK A/F SENSOR 1 INPUT SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

10.CHECK A/F SENSOR 1 HEA

11.CHECK HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR 2

12.CHECK INTERMITTENT INCIDENT

13.REPLACE AIR FUEL RATIO (A/F) SENSOR 1

Replace malfunctioning air fuel ratio (A/F) sensor 1.

CAUTION:

  •  Discard any A/F sensor which has been dropped from a height of more than 0.5 m (19.7 in) onto a hard surface such as a concrete floor; use a new one.
  •  Before installing new A/F sensor, clean exhaust system threads using Oxygen Sensor Thread Cleaner [commercial service tool (J-43897-18 or J-43897-12)] and approved anti-seize lubricant (commercial service tool).

14.CONFIRM A/F ADJUSTMENT DATA

With CONSULT

  1. Turn ignition switch ON.
  2. Select "A/F ADJ-B1" and "A/F ADJ-B2" in "DATA MONITOR" mode with CONSULT.
  3. Make sure that "0.000" is displayed on CONSULT screen.

15.CLEAR THE MIXTURE RATIO SELF-LEARNING VALUE

Clear the mixture ratio self-learning value.

16.CONFIRM A/F ADJUSTMENT DATA

With CONSULT

  1. Turn ignition switch ON.
  2. Select "A/F ADJ-B1" and "A/F ADJ-B2" in "DATA MONITOR" mode with CONSULT.
  3. Make sure that "0.000" is displayed on CONSULT screen.
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