Nissan Maxima Service and Repair Manual: P2138 APP sensor

Description

The accelerator pedal position sensor is installed on the upper end of the accelerator pedal assembly. The sensor detects the accelerator position and sends a signal to the ECM.

Accelerator pedal position sensor has two sensors. These sensors are a kind of potentiometer which transform the accelerator pedal position into output voltage, and emit the voltage signal to the ECM.

In addition, these sensors sends opening and closing speed of the accelerator pedal and feed the voltage signals to the ECM. The ECM judges the current opening angle of the accelerator pedal from these signals and controls the throttle control motor based on these signals.

Idle position of the accelerator pedal is determined by the ECM receiving the signal from the accelerator pedal position sensor. The ECM uses this signal for engine operations such as fuel cut.

DTC Logic

Nissan Maxima. DTC Logic

DTC DETECTION LOGIC

NOTE: If DTC P2138 is displayed with DTC P0643, first perform the trouble diagnosis for DTC P0643. Refer to EC-394, "DTC Logic".

Nissan Maxima. DTC DETECTION LOGIC

DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE

1.PRECONDITIONING

If DTC Confirmation Procedure has been previously conducted, always perform the following before conducting the next test.

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Turn ignition switch OFF and wait at least 10 seconds.

TESTING CONDITION: Before performing the following procedure, confirm that battery voltage is more than 8 V at idle.

2.PERFORM DTC CONFIRMATION PROCEDURE

  1. Start engine and let it idle for 1 second.
  2. Check DTC.

Diagnosis Procedure

1.CHECK GROUND CONNECTION

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Check ground connection E9.

2.CHECK SENSOR POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

Nissan Maxima. CHECK SENSOR POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

  1. Disconnect accelerator pedal position (APP) sensor harness connector.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Check the voltage between APP sensor harness connector and ground.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK SENSOR POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

3.CHECK APP SENSOR 2 POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT-I

Nissan Maxima. CHECK APP SENSOR 2 POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT-I

  1. Turn ignition switch ON.
  2. Check the voltage between APP sensor harness connector and ground.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK APP SENSOR 2 POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT-I

4.CHECK APP SENSOR 2 POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT-II

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect ECM harness connector.
  3. Check the continuity between APP sensor harness connector and ECM harness connector.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK APP SENSOR 2 POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT-II

5.CHECK SENSOR POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

Check harness for short to power and short to ground, between the following terminals.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK SENSOR POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

6.CHECK COMPONENTS

Check the following.

  • Crankshaft position sensor (POS) (Refer to EC-299, "Component Inspection".)
  • EVAP control system pressure sensor (Refer to EC-346, "Component Inspection".)
  • Refrigerant pressure sensor

7.CHECK APP SENSOR GROUND CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

  1. Turn ignition switch OFF.
  2. Disconnect ECM harness connector.
  3. Check the continuity between APP sensor harness connector and ECM harness connector.
  4. Also check harness for short to ground and short to power.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK APP SENSOR GROUND CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

8.CHECK APP SENSOR INPUT SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

  1. Check the continuity between APP sensor harness connector and ECM harness connector.
  2. Also check harness for short to ground and short to power.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK APP SENSOR INPUT SIGNAL CIRCUIT FOR OPEN AND SHORT

9.CHECK APP SENSOR

10.REPLACE ACCELERATOR PEDAL ASSEMBLY

  1. Replace accelerator pedal assembly

11.CHECK INTERMITTENT INCIDENT

Component Inspection

1.CHECK ACCELERATOR PEDAL POSITION SENSOR

Nissan Maxima. CHECK ACCELERATOR PEDAL POSITION SENSOR

  1. Reconnect all harness connectors disconnected.
  2. Turn ignition switch ON.
  3. Check the voltage between ECM harness connector terminals under the following conditions.

Nissan Maxima. CHECK ACCELERATOR PEDAL POSITION SENSOR

2.REPLACE ACCELERATOR PEDAL ASSEMBLY

  1. Replace accelerator pedal assembly.

Special Repair Requirement

1.PERFORM ACCELERATOR PEDAL RELEASED POSITION LEARNI

2.PERFORM THROTTLE VALVE CLOSED POSITION LEARNING

3.PERFORM IDLE AIR VOLUME LEARNING

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